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The Problem

Since gaining its independence in 2002, Timor-Leste has made strides in rebuilding its infrastructure, institutional frameworks, and core human resources. However, recent data indicate that the country still lags behind in regional average life expectancy, malnutrition and undernutrition, and family planning. The Government of Timor-Leste faces multiple system-level challenges that impede its ability to deliver high-quality, affordable health services to address these key health issues.

What We’re Doing

The USAID Health System Sustainability Activity is helping Timor-Leste build a self-reliant health system that is well-governed, efficient, accountable, and responsive to people’s needs. Through close collaboration with local stakeholders, our work aims to:

  • Strengthen health sector governance by increasing evidence-based decision-making in the ministry of health, expanding collaboration and coordination between the ministries of health and finance, and improving health budget execution
  • Support management of the health workforce by strengthening information systems, developing health workforce competencies and standards, and improving the capacity and distribution of health workers
  • Promote healthy behaviors such as those related to family planning, nutrition, handwashing, and gender-based violence through social and behavior change activities
  • Mobilize civil society organizations to advocate for health services, and foster open dialogue among policymakers, political leaders, and civil society

Who This Helps

The USAID Health System Sustainability Activity work will develop the capacity of key actors in the health system, such as national and subnational government stakeholders, research institutions and universities, health care provider groups, and civil society organizations, thus strengthening the health system. Our collaborative efforts with these groups will in turn benefit all Timorese in need of high-quality, essential health services, especially in rural and remote areas of the country.